Author Archives: bhillenbrand

Fiftieth Anniversary

It’s Nearly Time

Preparations for Peace Corps’ 50th Anniversary Party are all but finished. Have you signed up for all the events?

by Barry Hillenbrand (Debre Marcos 63-65)

It’s September. This is the month. It’s less than two weeks until Peace Corps’ big 50th anniversary party in Washington. We’d like to bring you up to date on preparations and remind you that if you have not purchased tickets for the E&E RPCVs events for the September 23–25 weekend, TODAY is the day to do it.

The folks organizing the events need to confirm the numbers of people attending so they can order enough injera-and-wat for the dinner and secure plenty of chairs and breakfast fixings for the Saturday morning meeting. Also those organizing reunions of training group or towns need a head count for caterers and restaurants. SO TICKET SALES FOR EVENTS WILL CLOSE ON SEPTEMBER 16. You MUST sign up by the 16th or you risk missing the programs in Washington.

Here’s where you can purchase your tickets for the main events:

READY TO PARTY The Ethiopian Embassy in Washington

SOLD OUT The reception/buffet dinner at the Ethiopian Embassy, Friday, September 23, 6 to 9 p.m. No tickets will be sold at the door.

SOLD OUT The Saturday morning E&E RPCVs Program, at the Marriott on Saturday, September 24, from 8 a.m. to 2 p.m.  will include a continental breakfast and a long and varied group of speakers, presentations.  See below for a detailed updated schedule.

The good and exciting news is that lots of RPCVs  who served in Ethiopia and Eritrea are heading to Washington for the anniversary celebration. We are expecting a full house for the special Ethiopia and Eritrea RPCV events at the Crystal City Marriott and the Ethiopian Embassy. (We tried to get an Eritrean event scheduled, but never got beyond polite conversations with some Eritrean embassy officials.) So far more than 260 RPCVs and their guests have signed up for the Ethiopian Embassy reception/buffet dinner on Friday, September 23rd.  At last count nearly 200 people will be attending the Saturday morning program at the Marriott. While we tried to get big venues for these events, space is limited and we will have to close registration, so sign up TODAY.

E&E RPCV president Marian Beil (Debre Berhan 62–64) is ankle deep into the preparation of the programs and events.  It’s all coming together nicely. In Washington Judy Smith (Asmara 63–65) and Gigi Ott Wietecha (Makele; Dessie 63–65) — who negotiated out great arrangements with the hotel — are working with the Embassy on setting up the Friday dinner and reception.  Marian, from her base in Oakland, arranged a spiffy sound system for the Ethiopian music program that evening that will feature RPCV musician Charlie Sutton (Addis 66–68). LaDena Schnapper (Dessie, Awassa 63–66) will be using that system as she demonstrates an Ethiopian Coffee Ceremony.

Saturday Program — Potomac Ballroom

Nancy Horn (Addis 66–68) has rounded up speakers, experts and even a telephone link from Addis to allow us to hear directly from Peace Corps/Ethiopia Country Director Diallo Nwando, who will update us on what Peace Corps is doing in Ethiopia.  Nancy has lined up an impressive program. It’s still being fine-tuned and may change a bit, but here’s the present engaging line-up:

  • 8:00-8:15 – Welcome,  E&E RPCVs president Marian Haley Beil
  • 8:15-8:45 – Update on Health and Education in Ethiopia by Sean Tate (Kombolcha  66–68), Nancy Horn, and a recently returned PCV who has worked in health/HIV/AIDS.
  • 8:45-9:30 – Live Update on Peace Corps activities in Ethiopia from Diallo Nwando, current Peace Corps Director in Addis
  • 9:30 – 10:30 – Current involvement of E&E Projects:  Randy Marcus (Asella 66–68), Karen Blanchard (Asella 66–68), et al.; Neal Sobania (Addis 68–72); Haskell Ward (Nazareth 63–65); Gwen Williams (Makele 63–65) – 12 minutes each; Janet Lee (Emdeber  74–76), John Stauffer (Adi  Caieh 66–68), Lee Plate (Addis 66–69) and  Nancy Horn – 2 minutes each. Comments and reports will be welcomed from the floor during an open mike segment.
  • 10:30-10:45 – BREAK
  • 10:45 – 11:00 –  Mike McCaskey (Fiche 65-67) will show and comment on recent pictures taken in Ethiopia
  • 11:00 – 11:30 – Country Update on politics and economy, former U.S. Ambassador to Ethiopia,  David Shinn
  • 11:30 – 12:00 – Country Update, Congressman (D- CA) and RPCV  John Garamendi (Metu 66-68) who recently visited Ethiopia.
  • 12:00-1:00 – Legacy Program Update, Leo Cecchini
  • 1:00-2:00 – Peace Corps  Authors talk about their books:  Dan Close (Bekoji 66–68), Ron Peterson (Nekempte, Dessie 73–75), Ted Vestal (Ethiopia staff 64–66) and Rob Albritton (Harar, Asmara 63–65)

Training Group Reunions

A series of reunions of training groups have been firmly scheduled. They include:

Ethiopia I will have a get together in the hotel pub — BELL20 Tavern — for food and drink right after the Morning Session ends, about 1 pm. Arranged by Leo Cecchini. This event will include the sharing of fond memories of staff member Ed Corboy who died recently.

Ethiopia II will have a pool side reunion, Saturday 3-5 p.m,  at the Marriott. About 50 people have already signed up so far. You can purchase tickets and view the names of those already signed up at

http://ethi2-happy-hour.eventbrite.com/

The Ethiopia II group is also planning a dinner Saturday evening  at 6:30 p.m. at Haar Mesob, an Ethiopian restaurant near the Marriott for those passing on the NPCA Gala. For those Ethie IIs interested in attending, please send an email to: EthieTwo@gmail.com by September 20th to sign up. Space is limited, so sign up now.

Ethiopia III will get together on Saturday after the Morning Session of E&E RPCVs. Dianne & Al Brandhorsts plus Betty McLaughlin Hagberg are organizing a lunch meeting ($30.00) of fellow Ethiopia III’s and guests at Cucina Vivace.  See details and payment information at our web site: http://darrel-betty-hagberg.com/Ethiopia3/Ethiopia3.html or email us at: dbrandhorst@yahoo.com

For those of you who may have missed it, a full schedule of events during the 50th Anniversary weekend  can be found by clicking on “50th Schedule” in the menu bar at the top of the page of the HERALD.

NEW Tour of Museum of African Art

Judy Smith (Asmara 1963–65) is conducting a tour of the Smithsonian’s Museum of African Art — where she is a docent — for E&E RPCVs on Friday morning at 10 a.m. Please take the Metro from the Marriott to the Smithsonian stop. Judy will meet you in the entrance. The tour will be one hour. There is a small Ethiopian display with two paintings, but the main exhibit is a newly opened show of art from Central Nigeria.

Hospitality Room

The Virginia Room on the 2nd floor of the hotel will be our Hospitality Room. It will open on Thursday afternoon. Name tags can be picked up there — then at the Embassy event and the Saturday Program. If you have photos to show, there will be a TV with DVD player available. Bring snacks, drinks to share.

And there will be the Silent Auction!

Silent Auction

There are more than 100 items up for bid in the silent auction. Because all items have been donated, all proceeds from the auction will go to  supporting the current RPCV Legacy Program projects.  You can view the items and learn how to make bids now by clicking on “AUCTION”  at the top of this page in the menu bar.

The real life silent auction will be set up in the Hospitality Room of the hotel. Bidding ends Saturday evening, and winning bids will be announced.

Bid early, bid often, and bring your checkbook.

More Details

For other details about the 50th, click on “Fiftieth Anniversary” in the right column under “Categories” on any page and read all articles we’ve published on this topic.

PCVs in Ethiopia

Peace Corps Teachers Are Back

A newly minted batch of PCVs include teachers who will teach and mentor teachers.

In August on the grounds of the American Embassy in Addis Ababa, 69 new PCVs were sworn in by U.S. Ambassador Donald Booth. Thirty-five of those PCVs will be working in education, a return to the task Peace Corps took up when it first came to Ethiopia in 1962. These new teachers will not be working in Ethiopia’s primary or secondary schools, says Nwando Diallo, Peace Corps Country Director in Ethiopia. They will be “part of a broader effort between USAID, Peace Corps and the Ministry of Education to strengthen the English language learning/speaking/reading culture in Ethiopia via the strengthening of English Language teachers.  Essentially, they will be Teacher Trainers/Mentors.”  These new Volunteers will work in Ethiopia’s Colleges of Teacher Education and as advisors to teachers working in primary and secondary  schools.

SAYING IT IN OROMIFA: a new PCV speaks; Ambassador Booth and Minister of Foreign Affairs Hailemariam listen at swearing in ceremony

The remaining 34 Volunteers sworn in at the ceremony will be working in projects to combat HIV/AIDS.  Since Peace Corps returned to Ethiopia in 2007 most of the PCVs have worked in health projects funded in part by USAID. They worked in projects designed to fight the spread of HIV/AIDS, care and support of victims and services to help orphans and vulnerable children. In December 2010 31 PVCs were sworn in to work in environmental projects.

Travels

Coming Full Circle

A visit with the President of Ethiopia in Emperor Haile Salassie’s old palace brings back memories of an earlier era — and a charming conversation

by Haskell Ward (Nazareth 63–65)

In early September in my capacity as a member of the national Board of Directors of the American Cancer Society I participated in the First Global Summit on Women’s Cancer in Africa held in Addis. At the end of the conference five of us met with Girme Wolde-Giorgis, the President of Ethiopia, to deliver a copy of the conference declaration and to thank the Ethiopian government and people for their support of the meeting. The American Cancer Society was a leading partner at this Addis Conference which was organized by the Princess Nikky Foundation. Along with Princess Nikky Onyeri of Nigeria, I was a spokesperson for the visit with the President.

DO YOU SPEAK AMHARIC? Haskell Ward and President Girme Wolde Giogis

This was my first visit inside the palace grounds since 1973 when I participated in a luncheon Emperor Haile Selassie hosted for the International Association of Africanists. It was most likely one of the last large gatherings before his overthrow the next year. That earlier meeting was held in the Palace’s large Grand Ballroom, the room where our Peace Corps group, Ethiopia II, first met the Emperor in 1963 when he received us at the beginning of our tour as PCVs.

Our meeting with the Ethiopian President was held in what was once the Emperor’s main office where he conducted business with his ministers and other non-ceremonial visitors. After we were led into the office by the Chief of Protocol, Princess Nikky spoke first, then I followed. The President was very surprised and amused when I spoke to him in Amharic. I told him that I had served as an English teacher in Nazareth 48 years ago at the Atse Gelawdios Secondary School. The President interrupted me to say that the Peace Corps had made a great contribution to Ethiopia and had been a major catalyst in the modernization of the country. He indicated that he had great admiration for Sargent Shriver and was saddened to hear of his death. He also noted that the Peace Corps is now back in the country.

I thanked the President for the impact that Ethiopia and its people had had on my life that I now appreciate even more as I grow older. When he ask how old I was, I replied that I would be 72 on my next birthday. At that he said, “You are still young. I wonder if you know how old I am?” I said I would be afraid to guess. “I am 87!”

The President is a very large man and during our photo session said that his legs made it difficult for him to stand. Though somewhat disabled, he is still mentally very  alert. I told him that we were going to celebrate the Fiftieth Anniversary of the Peace Corps’ founding at the end of this month in Washington, and that those of us who had served in Ethiopia would have dinner at the Ethiopian embassy. He said that his ambassador to the U.S. was in Addis then.

We spoke of the drought in Somalia and a number of other issues, and he acknowledged that the cancer burden was a major issue confronting his country, He thanked the American Cancer Society for supporting efforts to address it.

The president has a sharp mind and wit and a broad set of interests. He asked Princess Nikky how it was that she was a princess even though Nigeria had no king. When a delegate from South Africa identified herself as the representative of that country’s First Lady, he asked “Which one?” She said that in fact she represented two of President Zuma’s four wives. He asked the Uganda representative what “our brother Isaias” Afwerki of Eritrea had discussed with Ugandan President Yowerki  Museveni during Isaias’ visit to Uganda the previous week.

Our courtesy call was unrushed and very informal. We finally took our leave. The grounds of the palace looked quite clean and the President told us that the main Palace building itself was under renovation. My meeting with the Ethiopian President completes a circle of sorts. It reminds me also of why I decided to devote my life to addressing some of the continent’s problems which were illuminated to me first — and in the clearest terms — in this country.

News of Ethiopia

News of Ethiopia
complied by Barry Hillenbrand

Ethiopia’s famine and refugee problem

Along with the rest of the Horn of Africa, Ethiopia is suffering from the effects of the worst famine to strike the region in 60 years. The famine is most severe in Somalia, but it has reached into the southern areas of Ethiopia. While the famine in southern Somalia has grabbed headlines, experts and aid workers say that southern Ethiopia is teetering on the brink of a food crisis. The Ethiopian government agrees that 250,000 people need food aid in the southern part of the country. But aid organization and agricultural officials say the number of people who need emergency food aid in southern Ethiopia is bigger, around 700,000. Maps, including the one below, released by the Famine Early Warning Network, a joint venture of  USAID, the UN, and other agencies,  show critical famine (the dark red areas on the map below) in several areas of southern Somalia, but less serious drought in the southern regions of Ethiopia. In early September, Ethiopia imported 300,00 tons of wheat to build up grain reserves, and is seeking more aid from the international community.

However Ethiopia suffers from another problem caused by the famine: a vast influx of refugees from Somalia who walk across the dessert in search of food. They are arriving in large numbers in camps in southern Ethiopia where international relief agencies are scrambling to house and feed them. Ethiopia is host to over 260,000 refugees out of which some 180,000 are Somalis. This figure includes over 41,600 Somali refugees in the three Jijiga area camps as well as an estimated 18,500 others who have recently crossed into Ethiopia through the Gode area. The other refugee groups flowing into the country include over 50,000 Eritreans and some 26,000 Sudanese, who include recent arrivals of about 500 from Abiye and South Kordofan in Sudan.

WATER AT LAST Somali refugees in Hiloweyn camp near Dolo Ado, southern Ethiopia

According to the United Nations, the number of refugees in four camps in the Dollo Ado area of Ethiopia has now crossed the 120,000 mark. Almost 80,000 Somalis have arrived this year alone — the majority crossing the border in June and July. The large influx prompted UNHCR and the Government to open two new camps in June and August while land for the fifth camp has been identified. It could be used to house some 18,000 Somali refugees who have crossed into Ethiopia further north along the border in the Gode region. Lately, there has been a significant drop in the number of new arrivals: from a peak of over 2,000 refugees a day in June/July to 300 a day in August.

The state of health of those arriving in Dollo Ado continues to be extremely poor. An assessment of mortality in one of four refugee camps at the Dollo Ado complex has found that death rates have reached alarming levels among new arrivals. Since the Kobe refugee camp opened in June, an average of 10 children under the age of five have died every day. While malnutrition is the leading cause of the high mortality, suspected measles is compounding the problem. Across all Dollo Ado sites the UNHCR have seen 150 cases of suspected measles and 11 related deaths. The combination of disease and malnutrition is what has caused similar death rates in previous famine crises in the region. The UNHCR is working to control the measles outbreak. A mass vaccination campaign against measles was completed in Kobe camp in the first week of September, targeting all children between the ages of six months and 15 years.

But there is little hope that the emergency will end any time soon. The rains in August were not up to par and drought conditions continue.

New Ethiopian diaspora: household help for Saudi Arabia

According to an article in the Arab News, a respected English language paper in Saudi Arabia, the chairman of the recruitment committee at Jeddah Chamber of Commerce and Industry,  Yahya Hassan Al-Maqbool, has urged the Ethiopian authorities to expedite visas and facilitate recruitment procedures for Ethiopian housemaids to work in Saudi Arabia. He wanted more Saudi recruitment offices to be set up to deal with a larger number of recruits and cut down processing time for maids which can take up to three months. At present each of the two  Saudi recruitment offices was processing 60 visas from Ethiopia every month. “We are requesting to increase the number of visas given to each Saudi office to 500 monthly,” he said. He also called for increasing the number of weekly flights between the two countries. “These procedures will expedite the recruitment of housemaids from Ethiopia,” he added.

Al-Maqbool claims that  the “manpower”— err, the woman power — recruited from Ethiopia has worked out well, but only time will tell whether Ethiopian household staff will be comfortable in Saudi Arabia. Al-Maqbool believed that the recruitment of 25,000 housemaids from Ethiopia during the coming few months would not be difficult if there was cooperation from the Ethiopian side.  “The Ethiopian manpower has proved that they are a successful substitute for manpower from Southeast Asia, who were causing a lot of problems.”

There are 170 licensed offices in Ethiopia and 150 offices in Kenya to export manpower to Saudi Arabia. According to press reports, the Kingdom will open training institutes in the two African countries to qualify manpower before they are sent to the Kingdom. The demand for housemaids in the Kingdom has gone up because some South East Asian countries like the Philippines and Indonesia have put limits on household workers going to the Kingdom.

A new long-distance star emerges as Bekele fades again

Ibrahim Jeilan of Ethiopia sprinted past Briton Mo Farah to win the men’s 10,000 meters world title on August 26 after four-times defending champion Kenenisa Bekele had limped off the track. Once again Bekele tried for a comeback, but failed. Jeilan’s  time was  27 minutes 13.81, just  seconds ahead of Farah who took the silver. Another Ethiopian, Imane Merga, was third.

WHERE'S BEKELE? Ibrahim Jeilan wins the World Championship in the 10,000 meters

Bekele, who had never been beaten on the track over 10,000 meters, had not raced in almost two years because of a calf injury.  Bekele is the double Olympic champion and world record holder in the 5,000 meters. After the race he said that he did not regret coming to the South Korean city of Daegu for the important World Championships. He did not rule out racing again this season. Running in next year’s Olympics in London still remains a possibility. “I didn’t want to miss this race because I thought I had a chance,” he added. “I’m glad I came, I wanted to try,” he said, confirming that it was his right leg that was again causing problems.

Farah, who was trying to become the first British world champion over 10,000 meters, looked like he had the race sewn up when he began his kick for home at the bell announcing the last lap. “It means a lot winning a major medal, it would have been nice with a gold but the better man won on the day,” he said.  That better man, the joyous Jeilan, said: “I don’t have the words to explain how I feel.”

New Press law cuts fast and deep

Ethiopia’s tightly-controlled media has not been known for sticking its neck out on controversial issues, but a new law recently passed by an overwhelmingly government-controlled parliament will make the already gun-shy press even more cautious. And understandably so. The law expressly bans any form of communication with groups designated as terrorist organizations. This includes reporting from a press release of a possible terrorist group or interviewing their members. According to the law, any such act will be considered disseminating terror-related information and the publisher could  be jailed. In August Reporters Without Borders wrote to Ethiopian Prime Minister Meles Zenawi calling for the release of Reyot Alemu and Wubeshet Taye, two journalists who were arrested in June. RWB asked for an investigation into the conditions in which they are being held. Reyot, a young woman columnist, is in very poor health, while Wubeshet, the deputy editor of a weekly, says he has been mistreated.

“The situation of both of these journalists is alarming,” the letter to the prime minister says. “We were very disturbed to learn that their pre-trial detention was extended yet again and we call for their immediate release.”  When they were brought before a judge on 17 August, their pre-trial detention was extended for another 28 days. Accused of complicity with a political group that has been classified as a “terrorist” organization, they are due to appear in court again in September.

UNDER THREAT Sign marks the offices of Addis Neger, a popular newspaper which closed down. Its editors fled into exile fearing that anti-terrorism laws would be used against the them

The deputy editor of the Awramba Times weekly, Wubeshet was arrested on 19 June. When he appeared before a federal court two months later, he said he was beaten during interrogation and was manhandled by prison officials. He was also forbidden to receive visits from his family and to organize his defense with his lawyer.

Reyot, a columnist for the Amharic-language weekly Fitih, was arrested on 21 June. The equipment and material that was seized at the time of her arrest was finally returned to her family a few days ago. The few visitors that have been allowed to see her are worried by the rapid deterioration in her health. After two months in detention, this young woman is showing signs of physical and psychological trauma. Although her family has been able to send her medicine, she is in urgent need of proper medical attention.

Eritrean News

News of Eritrea

Complied by Barry Hillenbrand

Famine in Eritrea: a mirage or a disaster?

The government of Eritrea denies that Eritrea is suffering the effects of the drought and famine which is plaguing  Somalia and much of the rest of the Horn of Africa.  They claim the country had a good harvest and ample food supplies. Presidential adviser Yemane Ghebreab said: “There [are] no food shortages in Eritrea at the present time. Last year, we had a bumper harvest.”  It has declined any aid.

But has Eritrea been immune to the famine? It’s difficult to say since the country is largely closed to outside observers and the local press is run by the government under tight control. In its crisis map of the Horn of Africa region the UN has listed Eritrea as “stressed,” but officials admit they have almost no information on the situation on the ground. A BBC report this month suggest that conditions in Eritrea may be dire. Satellite imagery from weather monitoring group the Famine Early Warning System shows below average rainfall from June to September. This is the main rainy season for Eritrea and comes after years of severe drought in consecutive years. Evidence of the problems Eritrea has can be found in northern Ethiopia. Emaciated Eritreans are crossing the heavily militarized border at the rate of 900 a month, according to journalists in the region. They tell tales of crops that have failed and homes without food, reports the BBC.

WATER BOY Eritrean refugee in Shagarab camp.

The American ambassador to the United Nations, Susan Rice, recently described Eritrea as a black hole in terms of independent information. The Eritrean people “most likely are suffering the very same food shortages that we’re seeing throughout the region (and) are being left to starve because there’s a clear-cut denial of access by the government of Eritrea to food and other humanitarian support for its people,” Ms Rice said. UN agencies have been refused access to Eritrea and most aid agencies have been expelled. 

Defecting Eritrean sailor face deportation

Over 30 members of the Eritrean naval forces have deserted to Yemen in August  according to claims by an exiled Eritrean opposition group called the Red Sea Afar Democratic Organization. The group claims that the sailors are in danger of being forcibly returned to Eritrea by Yemeni authorities.

“A total of 38 Eritrean Navy members in four groups have fled to Yemen during the past two weeks . . . with their navy boats and weapons across the Red Sea” said a spokesman for the group. He said that  since the start of July an increasing number of young Eritrean Afar refugees are attempting to cross the turbulent waters of Red Sea to Yemen. The opposition group expressed concern for the safety of the recently defected sailors and other Eritreans who remain in Yemeni detention centers.  The group appealed to United Nations High Commission for Refugees to put pressure on Yemeni Government to refrain  from deporting the Eritreans back to their home country where they face reprisals.

Government buys stake in gold mine

Nevsun Resources, the Canadian mining company which developed and owns the Bisha gold mine  said the Eritrean government had agreed to pay $253.5-million for its 30% stake in the operation. The state will settle the amount, which two independent international institutions helped determine, with after-tax cash flows from the mine.  The move proves that Nevsun has a winner on its hands and that the government wanted to increase its share in the lucrative mining business. Enamco, the Eritrean state-owned mining company, will likely settled the amount within two years, depending on metals prices.

WE'LL TAKE ANOTHER 30%, PLEASE Canada's Nevsun's goid and copper mining operations at Bisha

“The government of Eritrea has significantly contributed to the project, both financially and through the board of directors of Bisha Mining Share Company, as well as through the support of the Ministry of Energy & Mines, the Ministry of Finance and various other Ministries,” Nevsun CEO Cliff Davis said in a statement. “By collaborating with international companies, Eritrea is developing a mining industry that provides direct economic benefits, skill enhancement and supply chain expansion.” In addition to the 30%, Enamco has a 10% free carry stake in Bisha, giving it a total 40% ownership. Bisha produced 93,000 oz. of gold in the second quarter this year, generating an after-tax net profit of $60.6-million for Nevsun. And there’s lots more gold in Eritrean hills.

EDITOR’S NOTE: The Ethiopian and Eritrean news summaries are complied with the invaluable assistance of Shlomo Bachrach’s East African Forum which collects news items from the horn of Africa. Shlomo sends out a daily selection of the top stories from the region. To see his work, to register for his service and to discover how to support this important work go to www.eastafricaforum.net 

Fiftieth Anniversary

The Countdown to the Big Weekend

 Plans for the September celebration marking Peace Corps’ 50th Anniversary in Washington are falling into place. Buy your tickets now to take part in all the drama, excitement and fun of this historic event

by Barry Hillenbrand (Debre Marcos 63-65)

Thousands of returned Peace Corps Volunteers are coming to Washington in September for a long weekend of celebrations marking Peace Corps’ 50th birthday. Beginning Wednesday, September 21st,  and continuing on through Sunday, the 25th, dozens of events, big and small, are planned to bring together RPCVs who answered the call made by President John F. Kennedy 50 years ago to provide technical assistance to countries asking for it, to help people understand the U.S. and to bring better understanding for foreign peoples back to the U.S.

E&E RPCVs events and other offerings
Ethiopia and Eritrea Returned Peace Corps Volunteers, E&E RPVCs, have scheduled two big events for the weekend. The first is a big buffet-reception at the Ethiopian Embassy. Washigton’s U & 18th Street area restaurant Axum will serve up an ingeria and wat  meal with all the trimmings. Two bars will serve Ethiopian beers, as well as California wines and tej. Live Ethiopian music will make for a lively evening. (See “The Schedule” below for more details.)

E&E RPCVs is also organizing a morning of talks, panels, and video links with Ethiopia to bring us up to date on what is happening in Ethiopia and Eritrea, as well as hearing about what people are doing to continue projects in Ethiopia. (See “The Schedule” below for more details.)

And then there will be various small reunions of training groups.  The Big Weekend is a chance to reconnect with old friends. If your training group or town of service is getting together during the time provided on Saturday afternoon, the 24th, from 2:00 – 5:00, please let me know so we can include it in our listing of activities. Please note where you will be so that all those interested can get in touch, and include the name of the contact person and email or telephone number. When we post the activities at the hotel, we will then ask for a local contact so that all those who wish to participate can get in touch for any details.  Please respond to Nancy Horn, at horn.n@att.net (See “The Schedule” below for more details.)

E&E RPCVs will have a 2-room Hospitality Room at our hotel beginning on Thursday afternoon, September 22nd. It will not only be a place to meet-and-greet but will have other activities as well.

  • Silent Auction: To raise  money for our RPCV Legacy Program projects we will hold a silent auction. We have several  items already that were purchased recently in Ethiopia whose bids will start at between $5 and $100. If you have any items you would like to contribute, please contact Nancy Horn (horn.n@att.net) to let her know what you have and what you suggest the “start price” should be.
  • Opportunity to share digital photos via DVD player on a TV: Is  anyone in the DC area able to loan us a DVD player from Friday afternoon through Sunday morning? It would be great if you could. To rent one from the hotel would be VERY expensive. Contact  Nancy Horn (horn.n@att.net) if you can help the group out.
  • E&ERPCV Authors: Nancy is assembling a list of authors among us who would like to share their writings on Saturday, September 24, from 1:00-2:00.  We are trying to plan how many would like to share something about their books and perhaps sell and sign a few. Please let me – Nancy Horn, horn.n@att.net  – who you are, the name of your book, and if you would like space and time to say something about your book.  The book need not necessarily be about Peace Corps, but something you would like to share with us about what you have been doing in your after-PC life.
  • Snacks and drinks – bring some to share: plus cups, serving ware & napkins.

Other events
The National Peace Corps Association, the NPCA, is going glitzy with a black tie gala. The NPCA is also sponsoring some panel discussions and advocacy work.  A counter party has been organized by those who would rather take a pass on black tie affairs. And naturally  there will be ceremony at JFK’s grave at Arlington Cemetery and a march of RPCVs across the Memorial Bridge to the National Mall. Street parties. Seminars. Photo and art exhibitions. And, as they say on TV, much, much more. A very full weekend.

Who is coming
Click on “Attending the 50th” at the top of each page on this site to see whom we know is coming. If you are and your name isn’t on the list, send a note to Marian and marian@haleybeil.com. Contact your friends who aren’t on the list and urge them to join in the celebration.

So here’s what you need to do to join the celebrations.

FIRST OFF, BUY TICKETS FOR THE BIG WEEKEND
In order to participate in those events specifically for Ethiopia & Eritrea RPCVs —namely the Injera-and-Wat Buffet Reception at the Ethiopian Embassy, the Saturday morning Breakfast Form, and one of the Training Group reunions—you need to purchase tickets. We made that easy. Do it on line.

Please click on  the links below which will allow you to register — and pay for — for the three main events for E&E RPCVs.  Registering will not only assure you a place at the table (and drinks to boot) but also allow us to plan properly for these events.

  • Click here to purchase tickets for the Injera-and-wot buffet reception at the Ethiopian Embassy on Friday, September 23.
  • Click here to purchase tickets for the Saturday morning breakfast meeting of all E&E RPCV at the Marriott Hotel.
  • Click here to purchase your ticket for the poolside Happy Hour reunion of the Ethiopia II (1963–1965) training group on Saturday afternoon.

SECONDLY, MAKE SURE YOU HAVE A HOTEL
The headquarters hotel for E&E RPCVs is “Crystal City Marriott at Reagan National Airport,” address: 1999 Jefferson Davis Highway, Arlington, VA 22202. Special discounted group rates still available for our group during the reunion period.

The Crystal City Marriott will continue to honor the special rate of $109 a night (a real bargain for D.C.) until September 2 when the rate will revert to its normal high rate. Be forewarned: The weekend  of our reunion Washington hotels will be jammed with meetings of the World Bank/IMF, the Congressional Black caucus, etc. Book now for a good rate and a good hotel.  The Crystal City Marriott at 1999 Jefferson Davis Highway, Arlington VA 22202 (703) 413-5500 is located steps from hip restaurants, iconic theaters & Pentagon City shopping. It is just a few stops on the Yellow line of the Metro to  downtown D.C. including the Mall, the Smithsonian and other attractions. The Metro station is right under the hotel. In addition, the hotel offers a free shuttle to and from National Airport

E&E RPCVs will have a hospitality suite at the hotel, and, of course, people will be meeting around the hotel’s newly remodeled bar.

Book by phone: 800-228-9290. Ask for discount reservation for: Ethiopia and Eritrea 50, group code: PECPECA. Be persistent. The reservation operators  sometimes can’t find our reservation – or get the specific hotel name confused. But if you are persistent or hang up and redial, you’ll get the special rate.

You can also book on line by going to www.marriott.com/wascc. If you need them, detailed instructions on how to work your way through the on line reservations site are at the end of this story.

FINALLY, FAMILIARIZE YOURSELF WITH THE EVENTS FOR THE BIG  50th ANNIVERSARY WEEKEND
There is no central organizer of the 50th Anniversary Celebrations. Peace Corps is putting on a few small events and an open house at PC Headquarters.  But that’s about it. The National Peace Corps Association is sponsoring one big event and several smaller ones. Several ad hoc groups, including our E&E RPCVs, the Peace Corps Fund and Peace Corps Worldwide, are organizing things. With no real central all-inclusive calendar, it  is difficult to figure out what is happening and when. A number of events are scheduled concurrently, you may have to make a choice of which event you will attend.

You will find other calendars at Peace Corps The National Peace Crops Association,  Peace Corps Worldwide

The Schedule

This is a rough guide to the main events.
E&E RPCVs events are indented and titled in red.

• Wednesday, September 21

35 pm at Peace Crops Headquarters
Panel discussion of the early Peace Corps years. Details are yet to be worked out.

68 pm  Training at NPCA for those who will take part in Thursday’s  NPCA’s Advocacy Day, when RPCVs will lobby members of Congress on behalf of Peace Corps funding.

• Thursday, September  22

All day: NPCA Advocacy Day on Capital Hill

10 amnoon at Peace Corps Headquarters
Panel Discussion on relations with host countries. Speakers have yet to be announced.

• Friday September 23

All Day Locations around the city.
Day of service organized by the NCPA. For details see NPCA.

14 pm  at the Smithsonian Museum of American History.
The Smithsonian National Museum of American History and the Peace Corps will display a sampling of a collection they have developed that represents the historical role of the Peace Corps. This will be informally displayed at the Museum between 1 p.m. and 4 p.m.

••• 6 – 9 pm E&E RPCVs at the Ethiopian Embassy
Injeria-and-Wat Buffet Reception sponsored by E&E RPCVs and the Ethiopian Embassy. All PCVs who served in Ethiopia or Eritrea and guests are invited. Plenty of injera and doro wot plus tibs, keke alicha, shero wot and so on catered by the Axum Restaurant. Two drinks are included in the price. The bar will be serving Meta and Harare beer, tej, California red and white wines and soft drinks.

LaDena Robichaud-Schnapper (Dessie, Awassa 63–66) will perform a coffee ceremony. Famed Ethiopian musician Melaku Gelaw and our own Charlie Sutton (66-68 Addis) will play Ethiopian music.

Tickets are required and should be purchased before September 15th. The cost of the evening is $50 for adults, or $25 for kids. You can purchase tickets click on this link: http://eerpcv-buffet-reception.eventbrite.com
(We strongly urge you buy your tickets now so that we will have cash to pay deposits.)

710 pm at the National Building Museum
Peace Corps staff and RPCVs are invited to enjoy a special evening with former Peace Corps Directors and  RPCV Members of Congress, and other guests. Cost: $60 including buffet, drinks. For more information click  on http://www.pcstaffreunion.com/

Saturday September 24

••• 8 am – 1 pm  E&E RPCVs at the Crystal City Marriott
Continental breakfast and General Meeting and forum for all Ethiopia and Eritrea RPCVs. A full program of speakers and panels including a live Skype link conversation with the Peace Corps director in Ethiopia, an update on Peace Corps activities by the PC desk officer, a political update on Ethiopia and Eritrea by Shlomo Bachrach, a talk by U.S. Representative (D-Cal) and RPCV John Garamendi (Metu 66–68), and others.

To purchase tickets ($30) for this morning-long meeting and continental breakfast, please click on:
http://eerpcv-saturday-morning-program.eventbrite.com
(We strongly urge you buy your tickets now so that we will have cash to pay deposits.)

8 am9:30 am at the Mayflower Hotel
“Mad Men & Women at the Mayflower”
Breakfast sponsored by the Peace Corps Fund at the Mayflower Hotel. A panel will discuss how the Peace Corps was created in 30 days during meetings at the hotel.
Mark Gearan, former Peace Corps Director, will emcee this morning event.
Purchase tickets for breakfast  ($30) at Peace Corps Fund.

••• Afternoon E&E RPCVs training groups
Various Training Group reunions will be holding reunions and meetings. (If your group is having a gathering and is not listed here, please let me know at BarryHillenbrand@mac.com

• 2 – 5 pm Ethiopia I vets and their guests will gather in the Crystal City Marriott Hotel’s pub for an informal lunch after the morning presentations. Participants will order off the pub’s menu.  And in the immortal words of Sean Fitzgerald after having ordered drinks for all in the pub saying, “When Sean  Fitzgerald drinks, everyone drinks,” he then explained to the bar tender on presenting him the bill, “When Sean Fitzgerald pays, everybody pays.”

If coming to this part of the event please inform Leo Cecchini (62-64 Asmara)   at leo@cecchini.org,

• 3 – 5 pm Happy Hour for Ethie II’s will be a multi-hour event held around the pool at the Crystal City Marriot. The reunion will be, says organizer Gigi Ott Wietecha (Makela, Dessie 63-65) “a time to reconnect, reminisce & share memories of our time in Ethiopia.  As Haskell Ward  (Nazareth 63-65) recently wrote:  ‘John Edward’s passing, reminded me of our mortality’   So this grand  get-together should be a great source of satisfaction for those of us who are still eager and able  to travel.”  Spouses/partners/friends/children all welcome. There will be an open bar. Cost of the party: $25.  Check this link to purchase tickets: http://ethi2-happy-hour.eventbrite.com

• CJ Smith Castagnaro (Harar, Debre Zeit 64-69) is working on organizing a gather of  Volunteers who served in Harar. Contact CJ for more details at cjsmithc@yahoo.com

• Don Schlenger (66-68) is putting together an event for the Utah VII training group. Contact Don at schlengerd@bellsouth.net for more details.

Saturday night
There are several dinner/party options. Among them are:

Option 1:  Many training groups and friends are thinking of organizing dinners. The area around the Marriott is loaded with restaurants awaiting business. The Ethie II group, for example,  is considering booking  the Harar Mesob Ethiopian Restaurant near the Marriott to continue our get-together over dinner.  Those interested please  send a message to: EthieTwo@gmail.com

Option 2: The NPCA is sponsoring a black tie dinner at the Reagan Office Building. The cost is $250 for members and $300 for non-members. Chris Mathews is MC.  More details at NPCA.

Option 3: 6 midnight The Peace Corps Fund will hold the Third Goal Bash — a party & dance to live and recorded ethnic music at the Smith Athletic Center  at George Washington University. No black ties required. Raffle. Come before or after other events. To purchase tickets ($33) and for more info go to Peace Corps Fund.

• SUNDAY, SEPTEMBER 25

10amnoon at Arlington National Cemetery
RPCVs from all countries will assemble at the Amphitheater at Arlington for a program honoring JFK and Sargent Shriver, as well as fallen PCVs.

Noon:  RPCVs will march behind the flag of their Country of Service  over Memorial Bridge to the National Mall and Lincoln Memorial. (Gather at the Eritrea and Ethiopia flags.)

1pm – 5pm NPCA is planning a  block party, either on the Mall or on the street outside Peace Corps Headquarters. Plans have not yet be finalized.

The Big Weekend marking Peace Corps 50th Anniversary promises to be a memorable  event. So you should register soon not to miss out. See you in Washington in September.

Detailed Instructions for making a reservation at the Marriott online:

  • Go to www.marriott.com/wascc where you will find the home page for the Crystal City Marriott.
  • On the right side of the page is “Check Rates & Availability” (It should have a – in a small box in front of that text. If there is a – inside the box, click on it to get the +.)
  • Enter the dates, number of rooms and number of guests you would like to reserve.
  • Several lines below is “Special Rates & Awards” with a + inside a box in front of this text. Click on the + to get a – in the box.
  • Find “Group code” in the list below.
  • Enter PECPECA for our group code.
  • Click the red button “Check Availability”
  • On the new page you will see under the “Special Rates” tab “ETHIOPIA ERITREA 50″
  • Click on the circle in front of “109.00 per night” to select it and more options will appear from which to choose.
  • Once you’ve mad e these selections, click on the red button “Continue.”
  • Fill in your personal and billing information.
  • Click on the red button “Continue.”
  • Review your registration information.
  • Click on the red button “Complete Reservation.”
  • In about 30 seconds you will receive a “Confirmation Number.” Write it down.
  • You will also receive an email confirmation of your registration.

Third Goal

Coffee Cup Toasts to Peace Corps

The Idaho RPCV group celebrates Peace Corps’  birthday in grand traditional style

by Sam Greer (Addis 66-68)

During March and April 2011, the Idaho Historical Museum in Boise celebrated 50 Years of Peace Corps with displays from fifteen countries  representing places where Idaho PCVs served.  The opening week activities included an Ethiopian Coffee Ceremony that I helped coordinate on First Thursday Night.

BIRTHDAY BUNA IN BOISE: Sam Greer assist Belaynesh Tesfamariam in coffee ceremony

Over 250 guests enjoyed that evening’s traditional ceremony hosted by Belaynesh Tesfamariam whose  family is one of those whose Habitat Home was built with local RPCV labor.  Also assisting Belaynesh and me were Essey Tilahun, son of the PE instructor at the school I taught at 45 years ago. Essey’s fiancé, Bruktawit Antalew, also joined in.

More than 5,000 people visited  the two month exhibit in Boise. It travelled  to East Idaho in the spring, and will end up in  North Idaho in the fall.  The moving forces behind this in depth Peace Corps experience are Heather Jasper (Morocco, 2005–07) and Kristi Brumley (Bulgaria 1998–2000).  The accompanying photo was taken by Pat Hughes (Thailand 1971–74).

PCVs in Ethiopia

No good idea wilts for lack of cash

From latrines to computers Peace Corps Partnership Program in Ethiopia funds a wide range of projects for PCVs

by Janet Danzl Lee (Endeber 74–76)

A PCV’S STOLEN IPOD and shoeshine boys who came to the rescue were the impetus for a Peace Corps Partnership Program grant sponsored by PCV Bridget Kelly of Gebre Guracha in early 2011. Once her tormenters, these same shoeshine boys outran her to the bus stop, caught the thief, and proudly held the recovered booty up high on the return trip through town. This unexpected gesture of heroism brought together the bullies and the bullied into an endearing relationship with shared meals and an occasional movie at Bridget’s home. Not long after, one of the boys, Dawit, became seriously ill. The boys knocked at

BIGGER THAN AN IPHONE: Bridget Kelly and some local kids explore technology

Bridget’s door, and Dawit was escorted to the hospital where he was diagnosed with pneumonia, given medication, and sent back to recuperate on the streets. After spending a sleepless night herself, Bridget embarked upon a plan to find more permanent shelter for the boys and the idea for the Kuyu Boys’ Boarding Home was born.

Keith Keyser, was also touched by the children at his site in Finote Selam who shined shoes, peddled gum or lottery tickets, or just hung out with nothing to do. He had spoken to city officials who were interested in working with him in setting up a library. He then became aware of the work that was being done in Mekelle by Peace Corps Volunteers, both current and returned, working with Yohannes Gebregeorgis and theTigray Library and Literacy Development Project. He attended the library dedication in August 2010. Fashioning a Peace Corps Partnership Program grant after the successful one developed by the Mekelle volunteers, Nicholas Strnad, Shelley McCreery, and Danielle Hoekwater, Keith embarked on a quest of his own to raise the capital needed for a library project.

These are just a few examples of eighteen projects that Peace Corps Volunteers have sponsored since Peace Corps was reintroduced into Ethiopia in 2008.  Other projects include the establishment of a community mill, building neighborhood latrines, a “Second Chance Café,” a poultry farm, and reservoir construction.

The Peace Corps Partnership Program had its start worldwide in April 1964 as a mechanism for project assistance to Volunteers in their communities from U.S. donors. Today there are over 700 small-scale, community-initiated projects that cover a broad range of endeavors related to water, education, English language and learning, business, health, and agriculture. The grants provide the Volunteers with much needed financial assistance to enable them to complete the projects, and the donors are assured 100 percent of their donations support the work at hand.

LIBRARY BUILDER: Keith Keyser near Finote Selam

Once a PCV decides to embark on a project, s/he must garner community support, which must contribute financially or in-kind at least 25 percent of the cost of the project.  The PCV must then complete a lengthy proposal, which is signed by the Volunteer, community partner, and the Country Director.  It is then forwarded to The Office of Private Sector Initiatives, where it is approved or returned for additional information. Once it is finalized, a summary of the project is posted on the Peace Corps Partnership web site and the PCV is allowed to solicit funds and direct donors to the site. Credit card donations are accepted and the donor immediately receives a receipt with a follow up letter from Peace Corps headquarters. The site is updated regularly and both the PCV and donors can watch the progress of the grant as the donations arrive. PCVs send out appeals to contacts via email and other social media. The use of Facebook has been quite effective in promoting the projects and soliciting funding. Although the burden is primarily on the Volunteer to raise the necessary capital, when the fund is nearing completion, the remaining amount is quickly capped off and the grant is fully funded.  Special corporate grant money may be used for this purpose.

The PCPP funding is wired to the bank account of the Volunteer and then the real work begins ordering materials and supervising the project.  The PCV must account for all expenses and write a final report detailing whether the goals and objectives of the project were met, the impact on the community, and future anticipated outcomes. The PCV is highly encouraged to send thank you notes to the donors and to regularly apprise donors of the progress of the project throughout.

The PCPP funding does make a real difference in the day-to-day lives of the recipients. As testimonial, each month, two sections of a three-week Introduction to Computers course is taught at the PCPP-sponsored computer lab at the Segenat Children and Youth Library in Mekelle, enabling boys and girls to receive basic knowledge of computers and computing.  The classes are taught free of charge by experienced IT professionals.

To view current Ethiopia PCPP requests click on this Peace Corps link, key in “Ethiopia” and check out and support current Ethiopian projects.

Journeys

Fulfilling a Mission

 A trip back to Ethiopia with his son, reminds an RPCV of his time as a Volunteer

by John Grap (Dabat [Begemdir], Tulu Bolo, Addis Ababa 73-77)

IN MAY I HAD THE PRIVILEGE of returning to Ethiopia for the third time since serving as a PCV in the mid-1970s. All three times I’ve accompanied humanitarian mission teams working with ICA — International Crisis Aid.

LIKE FATHER, LIKE SON: Matt and John Grap in Ethiopia

What made this third trip so special is that my 21-year old son, Matt, went with me. Matt is making his way through college while working at our local Target store. In January we explored the possibility of  a mission to Guatemala when we learned of the opportunity to go to Ethiopia. Of course, we chose Ethiopia!

During my Peace Corps service I taught at middle schools in Dabat, north of Gonder, and in Tulu Bolo, about 100 miles southwest of Addis, on the Jimma Road. Additionally, I co-managed a school repair project for six months.

Positive Changes
Much has changed in Ethiopia since the ’70s. Gone is the dreadful Derg and almost every Ethiopian we met was warm and receptive to Americans. Electricity is more pervasive, there are more wells providing clean water, and Internet cafes (albeit with dial-up service) have sprung up in the most unlikely locations. And, everyone in the cities and towns seems to have a cell phone.

On the Negative Side
Too many subsistence farm families are susceptible to drought and famine. HIV/AIDS continues to ravage large segments of the population. The sex trade is alive and continues to decimate thousands of lives. Unemployment seems high in Michigan where I now live, but it seems significantly higher in Ethiopia. However, more Ethiopians than ever are working to alleviate the suffering of their countrymen.

The ICA
Four years ago ICA established the first full-time health center in Angatcha, about 7 hours south, southwest of Addis, past Butajira and Hosanna where we work. Historically the area of between 250,000–500,000 people has been extremely under-served. The majority of the people are Kambata or Hadia.

ICA also has a children’s center in Sebeta for young girls whose parents have died from AIDS, and it runs a large rescue and rehabilitation program for women involved in the sex trade in Addis. The work and energy of the ICA’s staff is incredible.

Our Time There
Matt fit in right away, working in the pharmacy of the two clinics we established. He has always loved Ethiopian food – even if he’s not a big fan of injera — so he need no adjustment there. He did have a hard time understanding how the pace of change in Ethiopia can be so slow. Fortunately some of ICA’s Ethiopian staff helped put some things into perspective for him.

CHECKING OUT THE FERENJ: Children in Angatcha

Matt turned 22 while in Ethiopia and the chef at our hotel in Addis, the Kaleb, made him a birthday cake. Later in the evening he spent several hours in the red light district as part of the attempted rescue of a sex trade worker. He’ll never forget this birthday.

Again, I cannot say enough about all the great work that ICA does.

My Amharic came in very handy, on many occasions – from working in the field to ordering multiple machiatos. That I remembered as much as I did was a minor miracle.

All three times I’ve been back to Ethiopia I’ve felt like I was returning home. I can’t wait to go back. Neither can Matt.

 Editor’s note: John Grap is an editor and photojournalist with the Battle Creek Enquirer in Michigan. To read more about his trip go to http://melkammenged.wordpress.com/.

News of Eritrea

Eritrean News Notes

Complied by Barry Hillenbrand

Smoke in Eritrea
A volcano in Eritrea erupted for three days in June, its ash cloud spreading out over Sudan and towards Saudi Arabia and forcing the cancellation of some regional flights. The Nabro volcano began belching plumes of ash at about midnight on June 12  after a string of earthquakes. Scientists initially wrongly identified the source of the eruption in the region close to the Ethiopian border as the nearby Dubbi volcano. Airlines cancelled flights to the area. Ethiopian Airlines officials told Reuters they had cancelled flights to the Sudanese capital Khartoum and neighboring Djibouti, as well as several domestic flights to Ethiopia’s north.

DISRUPTIVE SMOKE: Nabro as seen for NASA Satellite

“The ash’s direction and its intensity were very high at first, but the Modis (monitoring) satellite shows a weakening,” said Atalay Arefe, natural sciences professor at Addis Ababa University.  Satellite images on the France-based Volcanic Ash Advisory Centre’s (VAAC) website showed the cloud heading toward Saudi Arabia.

Nabro, which had not erupted since 1861,  burst into life after a string of earthquakes, the biggest of which measured 5.7. The initial eruption threw an ash cloud 8.4 miles high. Authorities in Ethiopia and Eritrea reported no casualties around the volcano. It was hard to verify these reports because of the difficulty accessing the arid region. U.S. Secretary of State Hilary Clinton cut short her stay in Africa by a day because the ash cloud risked leaving her stranded.

Playing away, walking away
Thirteen members of an Eritrean soccer club taking part in a regional championship in Tanzania disappeared after the side was knocked out of the tournament. The Eritrean Red Sea Football Club players were due to leave Dar Es Salaam after their elimination from the regional club championship but a head count at their departure point revealed that half the squad was missing. “Thirteen out of 26 players of the Eritrean team have disappeared,” secretary general of the Tanzania Football Federation Angetile Osiah told Reuters. “We have reported the matter to relevant law enforcement authorities for investigation. Some team members colluded in the incident by trying to stamp the passports of the missing players at airport immigration checkpoints, but when a physical head count was conducted, it was discovered that 13 players were missing.” 

Illegal immigrants from Ethiopia, Eritrea and Somalia often use Tanzania as a transit point to South Africa and elsewhere. This is not the first time members of an Eritrean team have vanished after a tournament outside the country. In 2009, 12 members of the national squad disappeared in Kenya after competing in a regional tournament.

More Gold in those Hills
This year the Canadian company Nevsun Resources started gold production from its Bisha mine in Eritrea and is now producing 1,000 ounces a day. Because of low production costs, the company claims they are making more than a million dollars a day on the project. Now the Australian company Chalice Gold Mine has joined in the gold rush with its Zara project. Chalice Gold Mine’s chief executive, Tim Goyder, says he is sitting on a gold mine, literally, with a reserve of 840,000 ounces. Based on a gold price of $1400 an ounce, the project will generate a minimum of $400 million over its seven-year life. He has been granted a license from Asmara and has begun work on the mine. Keep reading the HERALD for more gold stories from Eritrea.